Investing in the Future of every Child... www.foreverychildren.org
MICRO-COMMUNITY ABANDONED BY GOVERNMENT Scavengers … this term first appeared around waste disposal areas in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia in 1990, today over 5000 people who are referred to as “scavengers” are survive using garbage. Around 1000 of those survivors are adolescents and teenagers. They are struggling to survive at waste disposal areas due to pervasive unemployment increasing economic inequality, as well as a lack of access to social security and economic safety nets. The children isolated from society that is unable to provide for them appropriate benefits imposed by social security policies, and therefore, are required to work in intolerable labor conditions in which they work to collect the recyclable materials of approx. 1.00 USD for at least 10 hours a day, throughout four seasons of year and directly support their families. Almost 90% of them cannot affordable to study at school; unfortunately the number is increased year by year. Jeopardizing their future by isolating them in disposal areas, educating and supporting them is truly one of the present social priorities. Although another reason they cannot attend schools is a deficiency of educational institutions in these remote districts and suburban areas. In addition, those children who belong to social vulnerable groups are raised up with very low self-esteem because of their parents’ insolvency. Even the basic requirements of education are unaffordable such as the cost of books and stationery, a lack of which makes them feel different, abandoned and vulnerable.
According to the values of democratized countries around the world: Government is responsible to provide the people with the economy, society, and justice that support human rights and freedoms as well as their full social and political lives, and protect them from human right violation(s) and rehabilitate any violated rights. Although the law declares protection for all citizens of a country, those who are sheltered at disposal areas are totally abandoned from the protected zone, and have been untouched by any legislation. The Micro community of “scavengers” at the Waste Disposal Area Ulaanchuluut are not accessible to social security policies, completely outside of state registration and tax system, and even ignored by law enforcement officers; which is a clear evidence of that the Government cannot fulfill its responsibilities to them. Statistically, five or more children die at the disposal areas annually and the deaths can be caused by a variety of reasons like being run over by a garbage truck, crushed under a waste dump while rushing to collect freshly arrived trash, waste and pollution related endemic disease and carbon-dioxide ventilation from waste materials burning in winter.